Osteoporosis is a disease characterized by reduced bone mass and deterioration of bone tissue. This increases bone fragility and risk of fractures, which occur spontaneously or after minimal trauma. Osteoporosis is a disease of whose consequences are very serious, in about 60 percent of cases it is the cause of severe disability or even some deaths (hip fracture is fatal in 30 percent of cases). In addition, recovery is incomplete, and in 30 percent of cases requires costly long-term care.
Because prevention remains extremely important in osteoporosis, the most common methods of prevention are: identifying adolescents at risk for this disease, since prevention stars in
prepubertal period (around 10 years old), that last till the age 20 years, and further treatment. Prevention remains of overwhelming importance, given that there is virtually no way to restore bone quality reached by osteoporosis. Prophylactic treatment of osteoporosis begins in childhood and consists of a diet rich in calcium and complex exercise and practically never ends.
Vitamin D and sun exposure
The role of vitamins in the development and remodeling of bone is known for a long time.
Calcium cannot be used in the body if this vitamin is missing or is in inactive form. Over 80% of all cases hospitalized patients have vitamin D deficiency. The main causes leading to this deficit (not only in osteoporosis) are low intake of vitamin D-rich foods (liver, fish, eggs Ă˘â‚¬â€ś an egg brings 70 units, milk Ă˘â‚¬â€ś 250 ml milk of intake bring 100 units) an insufficient exposure to sunlight (exposing only the hands and face Ă˘â‚¬â€ś about 600 cm2 of skin over a period of 10 minutes, provides the necessary vitamins for a few days), certain anti-seizure, kidney disease, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, lack of sun in winter, increased parathyroid hormone, low blood calcium. The elderly, reduced exposure to sunlight and poor nutrition are major factors of vitamin D deficiency. Of great practical importance may be an observation recently communicated, namely that vitamin D deficiency can cause a painful syndrome. That is why it is recommended that in the presence of pain before taking antineuralgics, to assess vitamin D status to date in the body, avoiding drugs that may alter the metabolism of the vitamins and more.
Calcium intake and physical activity
Calcium intake is very important to prevent and stop osteoporosis, especially as lost bone ca not be recovered, no matter how it increases the amount of calcium ingested. Recommended intake for adults is about 1000 mg calcium / day and for postmenopausal women and men over 65, it will be 1,500 mg / day. Pasteurized milk, skimmed or boiled is a very good source of calcium as whole grains, soybeans, sardines, sunflower seeds, peanuts, nuts, dried beans, green vegetables. If the diet is low in calcium supplements may be used. Daily administration of a combination of calcium, magnesium, vitamin D and boron can help prevent osteoporosis. There is also a positive relationship between intakes of zinc, magnesium, potassium, fiber, vitamin D and bone mass. Micronutrients present in fruits and vegetables have a beneficial effect on bone quality. Studies have shown that women who ate more fruits in childhood (1-4 times per day) had better bone density at the femoral neck than the other.
Regularly practice of exercise and walking helps maintain bone density, while strengthening the muscles, which prevents the risk of falls.
Calivita natural products for treatment and prevention of osteoporosis
- Strong Bones Plus offers an optimal ratio of calcium, magnesium and vitamin D that promotes better absorption of calcium in the body.
- Power Mins is a complex dietary supplement containing, in an optimal proportion and quantity, all minerals that our body needs (Iron, Calcium, Magnesium, Zinc, Selenium, Potassium, Manganese, Cooper, iodine, etc.)
- Omega 3: Fish oil contains omega-3 fatty acids and vitamin D, vital for effective assimilation of calcium in the body.